Historic Bible Collection

History of the Bible collection at The Mary Baker Eddy Library

The First Church of Christ, Scientist originally opened its Bible collection to the public during the 1991 celebration of National Bible Week. We now share a selection of volumes from the Library’s Historic Bible Collection, as well as other historic books in this collection, through this online catalogue. The unique attributes, craftsmanship, and artistry of each volume are exhibited in high-quality scans of the covers, title pages, and selected text pages.

More history

The Historic Bible Collection began to take form in the 1930s when William Pitfield, a Christian Scientist in England, donated a number of rare Bibles to the Church. In a letter offering a reprint of Wyclif’s Bible Pitfield wrote of “the need of awakening the minds of young people particularly to the value of the Scriptures.” He felt it “imperative at this time … when tireless efforts are being made in some quarters to turn thought away from the inspired Word.” [Pitfield to the Christian Science Board of Directors, 6 January 1936, organizational archives of the Board of Directors]

Pitfield soon brought to the attention of the Christian Science Board of Directors other volumes that they could acquire, which he thought would be of value to the growing collection. A letter from the Directors to Pitfield gives their original criteria for adding to the Bible collection: “… our interest lies in editions which indicate steps in the history of mankind or which have been of great benefit or value to a large number of people—volumes which, perhaps, represent turning points in history—rather than unusual or rare versions of the Bible.” [Board of Directors to Pitfield, 25 June 1936, organizational archives]

Several Bibles in the collection do mark “firsts” in the thousand-year evolution of the modern Bible, including a first edition King James Bible from 1611.  It was donated by Edgar Isaac Newgass, another Christian Scientist in England, who was also a poet and Bible collector.  He gave Bibles including first editions of the Coverdale and Matthew’s, in addition to the King James Version.

Donations of other important volumes have been made to the Church by students of Christian Science. The collection has grown to more than 460 volumes, including other important historic Bibles, and historic Bible reference, devotional, and related books.

Mary Baker Eddy, founder of Christian Science, loved and studied the Bible throughout her life. She quotes the Hebrew and Christian Scriptures hundreds of times in her writings. And she ordained the Bible, along with her work, Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures, as Pastor of the Church of Christ, Scientist. The First Tenet of Christian Science states: “As adherents of Truth, we take the inspired Word of the Bible as our sufficient guide to eternal Life” (Science and Health, 497).

View Bibles in our collection

Tēs theias graphēs, palaias dēladē kai neas diathēkēs, hapanta = Divinae scripturae, veteris ac novi testamenti, omnia,        innumeris locis nunc demum, et optimorum librorum collatione, et doctorum virorum opera, multo quam unquam antea emendatiora, in lucem edita. (Vorw.: Philipp Melanchthon)

Tēs theias graphēs, palaias dēladē kai neas diathēkēs, hapanta = Divinae scripturae, veteris...

The Bible, that is, the Holy Scriptures conteined in the Olde and Newe Testament, translated according to the Ebrew and Greeke, and conferred with the best translations in divers languages. With most profitable annotations upon all the hard places, and other things of great importance.

The Bible, that is, the Holy Scriptures conteined in the Olde...

The Holy Bible Containing the Old Testament and the New Testaments…

The Holy Bible Containing the Old Testament and the New Testaments…

The Bible, that is, the Holy Scriptures contained in the Old and New Testament translated according to the Hebrew and Greek, and conferred with the best translations in divers languages ; with most profitable annotations upon all the hard places, and other things of great importance.

The Bible, that is, the Holy Scriptures contained in the Old...

The Bible and Holy Scriptvres conteyned in the Olde and Newe Testament. Translated according to the Ebrue and Greke, and conferred with the best translations in diuers langages…

The Bible and Holy Scriptvres conteyned in the Olde and Newe Testament....

Novi Testamenti aeditio postrema per Des. Erasmum Roterodamum.

Novi Testamenti aeditio postrema per Des. Erasmum Roterodamum.

Scroll of Esther

Scroll of Esther

Holy Bible : modern phrased version : the Washburn College Bible.

Holy Bible : modern phrased version : the Washburn College Bible.

Hebraica Biblia, latina planeq(ue) noua Sebast. Mvnsteri tralatione post omneis omnium hactenus ubiuis gentium æditiones euulgata & quoad fieri potuit hebraicæ ueritati conformata : adiectis insuper è Rabinorum commentarijs annotationibus haud pœnitendis pulchrè & uoces ambiguas & obscuriora quæq(ue) loca elucidantibus : accesserunt in hac secunda æditione multæ nouæ annotationes præsertim in Pentateucho …

Hebraica Biblia, latina planeq(ue) noua Sebast. Mvnsteri tralatione post...

Certain most godly, fruitful, and comfortable letters of such true saintes and holy martyrs of God, as in the late bloodye persecution here within this realme, gaue their lyues for the defence of Christes holy gospel: written in the tyme of their affliction and cruell imprysonment.

Certain most godly, fruitful, and comfortable letters of such...

Biblia, ad vetustissima exemplaria castigata.

Biblia, ad vetustissima exemplaria castigata.

The New Testament in English translated by John Wycliffe circa MCCCLXXX : now first printed from a contemporary manuscript formerly in the monastery of Sion Middlesex late in the collection of Lea Wilson…

The New Testament in English translated by John Wycliffe circa...

The Holy Bible, containing the Old Testament and the New: translated out of the original tongues, and with the former translations diligently compared and revised, by His Majesty’s special command.

The Holy Bible, containing the Old Testament and the New: translated...

The Holy Bible : containing the Old Testament and the New.

The Holy Bible : containing the Old Testament and the New.

The first printed English New Testament translated by William Tyndale ; photolithographed from the unique fragment, now in the Grenville collection, British Museum ; edited by Edward Arber.

The first printed English New Testament translated by William Tyndale ;...

The English hexapla : exhibiting the six important English translations of the New Testament Scriptures, Wyclif, M. CCC. LXXX.; Tyndale, M.D. XXXIV; Cranmer, M.D. XXXIX; Genevan, M.D. LVII; Anglo-Rhemish, M.D. LXXXII; Authorised, M. DC. XI.; the original Greek text after Scholz, with the various readings of the textus receptus and the principal Constantinopolitan and Alexandrine manuscripts, and a complete collation of Scholz’s text with Griesbach’s edition of M. DCCC. V; preceded by an historical account of the English translations.

The English hexapla : exhibiting the six important English translations of...

Das Neue Testament unsers Herrn und Heilandes Jesu Christi nach der deutschen Uebersetzung D. Martin Luthers. ; Mit kurzem Inhalt eines jeden Capitels, und vollständiger Anweisung gleicher Schriftstellen. ; Wie auch aller Sonn- und festtägigen Evangelien und Episteln.

Das Neue Testament unsers Herrn und Heilandes Jesu Christi nach...

Biblia, Das ist: Die gantze Heilige Schrifft, deß Alten und Neuen Testaments : wie solche von Herrn Doctor Martin Luther … 1522. in unsere Teutsche Mutter-Sprach zu übersetzen angefangen, Anno 1534. zu End gebracht, und Vor einigen Jahren bereits Mit den Summarien Herrn Johann Sauberti Seel. auch mit dem … Nutzen, über alle Capitel, des Herrn D. Salomon Glassens Seel. ausgefertiget. … Lutheri … Abbildungen und LebensLauf … neben den Christlichen HauptSymbolis … Bericht von der Augspurgischen Confession … Samt einer Vorrede Herrn Johann Michael Dilherrns.

Biblia, Das ist: Die gantze Heilige Schrifft, deß Alten und Neuen...

A smaller Biblia Pauperum : conteynynge thyrtie and eyghte wodecuttes illustratynge the lyfe, parablis, and miraclis off oure blessid Lorde and Savioure Jhesus Crist, with the propre descrypciouns theroff extracted from the originall texte off Iohn Wiclif;

A smaller Biblia Pauperum : conteynynge thyrtie and eyghte wodecuttes...

A scripture account of the faith and practice of Christians: consisting of an extensive collection of pertinent texts of scripture, given at large, upon the various articles of revealed religion, reduced into distinct sections, so as to embrace all the branches of each subject, etc….: the whole forming a complete concordance to all the articles of faith and practice taught in the Holy Scriptures.

A scripture account of the faith and practice of Christians: consisting...

The holie Byble

The holie Byble

The Old and New Testament, together with the Apocrypha: translated out of the original Hebrew, and with the former translations diligently compared and revised. Done by the special command of His Majesty King James I of England.

The Old and New Testament, together with the Apocrypha: translated out...

The New Testament in modern English: being the New Testament of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ: newly translated direct from the accurate Greek text of Westcott and Hort by Ferrar Fenton,…with some critical notes.

The New Testament in modern English: being the New Testament of...

The Holy Scriptures, faithfully and truly translated by Miles Coverdale, Bishop of Exeter, 1535. Reprinted from the copy in the library of His Royal Highness the Duke of Sussex.

The Holy Scriptures, faithfully and truly translated by Miles Coverdale,...

The Holy Bible: containing the Old and New Testaments: together with the Apocrypha translated out of the original tongues, and with the former translations diligently compared and revised, by the special command of King James I. of England. With marginal notes and references. To which are added, an index; an alphabetical table of all the names in the Old and New Testaments, with their significations; tables of Scripture weights, measures, and coins.

The Holy Bible: containing the Old and New Testaments: together with...

The Holy Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments: Newly Translated out of the Original Tongues, And with the former Translations Diligently Compared and Revised. By His Majesty’s Special Command. Appointed to be read in Churches.

The Holy Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments: Newly Translated...

The Bible, that is, the Holy Scriptures conteined in the Olde and Newe Testament, translated according to the Ebrew and Greeke, and conferred with the best translations in divers languages ; with most profitable annotations upon all hard places, and other things of great importance.

The Bible, that is, the Holy Scriptures conteined in the Olde...

The New Testament, translated from the Latin in the year 1380 by John Wiclif, D.D. to which are prefixed, memoirs of the life, opinions, and writings of Dr. Wiclif ; and an historical account of the Saxon and English versions of the Scriptures, previous to the opening of the fifteenth century / by Henry Hervey Baber, MA.

The New Testament, translated from the Latin in the year 1380...

“The Holy Bible”

“The Holy Bible”

The Holy Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments: together with the Apocrypha translated out of the original tongues and with the former translations diligently compared and revised with Canne’s marginal notes and references. To which are added an index, an alphabetical table of all the names in the Old and New Testaments, with their significations, tables of scripture weights, measures, and coins, &c.

The Holy Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments: together with...

The Holy Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments together with the Apocrypha: translated out of the original tongues, and with the former translations diligently compared and revised.

The Holy Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments together with...

The Holy Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments: translated out of the original tongues, and with the former translations diligently compared and revised by King James’s special command 1611. The text carefully corrected and amended by American Scholars 1911.

The Holy Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments: translated out...

The New Testament of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ: translated out of the original Greek, and with the former translations diligently compared and revised.

The New Testament of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ: translated out...

Biblia sacra vvlgatae editionis Sixti V. et Clementis VIII. pontt. maxx. ivssv recognita atqve edita.

Biblia sacra vvlgatae editionis Sixti V. et Clementis VIII. pontt....

The Emphasised New Testament. A new translation designed to set forth the exact meaning, the proper terminology, and the graphic style of the sacred original; arranged to show at a glace narrative speech, parallelism, and logical analysis; and emphasised throughout after the idioms of the Greek tongue. With select references and an appendix of notes by Joseph Bryant Rotherham.

The Emphasised New Testament. A new translation designed to...

The self-interpreting Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments, with references and illustrations; an exact summary of the several books; a paraphrase on the most obscure or important parts; an analysis of the contents of each chapter; to which are annexed an extensive introduction, explanatory notes, evangelical reflections, &c.

The self-interpreting Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments, with...

The Self-Interpreting Bible: containing the sacred text of the Old and New Testaments: translated from the original tongues, and with the former translations diligently compared and revised, to which are annexed, marginal references and illustrations, an exact summary of the several books, a paraphrase on the most obscure or important parts, an analysis of the contents of each chapter, explanatory notes, and evangelical reflections by the late Rev. John Brown….Vol. 1 Genesis to Revelation.

The Self-Interpreting Bible: containing the sacred text of the...

The Holy Bible: containing the Old and New Testaments: together with the Apocrypha. Translated out of the original tongues, and with the former translations diligently compared and revised, by the special command of His Majesty King James I of England; with marginal notes and reference; to which are added, an index, an alphabetical table of all the names…John Brown’s concordance, etc.

The Holy Bible: containing the Old and New Testaments: together with...

The Holy Bible: Containing The Old and New Testaments: translated out of the original tongues; and with the former translations diligently compared and revised by the Special Command of King James I of England.

The Holy Bible: Containing The Old and New Testaments: translated out...

The English hexapla : exhibiting the six important English translations of the New Testament Scriptures, Wyclif, M. CCC. LXXX.; Tyndale, M.D. XXXIV; Cranmer, M.D. XXXIX; Genevan, M.D. LVII; Anglo-Rhemish, M.D. LXXXII; Authorised, M. DC. XI.; the original Greek text after Scholz, with the various readings of the textus receptus and the principal Constantinopolitan and Alexandrine manuscripts, and a complete collation of Scholz’s text with Griesbach’s edition of M. DCCC. V; preceded by an historical account of the English translations.

The English hexapla : exhibiting the six important English translations of...

Kimber and Sharpless stereotype edition. The Holy Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments, translated out of the original tongues, and with the former translations diligently compared and revised. With Canne’s marginal notes and references. To which are added an index.

Kimber and Sharpless stereotype edition. The Holy Bible, containing...

The Holy Bible: containing the Old and New Testaments: translated out of the original tongues, and with the former translations diligently compared and revised.

The Holy Bible: containing the Old and New Testaments: translated out...

The first New Testament printed in the English language (1525 or 1526). translated from Greek by Wm. Tyndale, reproduced in facsimile with an introduction by Francis Fry, FSA.

The first New Testament printed in the English language (1525...

The Holy Bible Containing the Old and New Testaments: Translated out of the original tongues and with the former translations diligently compared and revised by His Majesty’s Special Command. Appointed to be read in churches.

The Holy Bible Containing the Old and New Testaments: Translated out...

The Holy Bible containing the Old Testament and the New: newly translated out of the originall tongues, and with the former translations diligently compared and revised, by His Majesties Speciall Command. Appointed to be read in churches.

The Holy Bible containing the Old Testament and the New: newly...

The Byble, which is all the holy Scripture: in whych are contayned the Olde and Newe Testament truly and purely translated into Englysh by Thomas Matthew (John Rogers).

The Byble, which is all the holy Scripture: in whych are contayned...

The Byble in Englyshe, that is to saye the Content of All the Holy Scrypture, both of ye Olde and Newe Testament, truly Translated After the Veryte of the Hebrue and Greke Textes, By Ye Dylygent studye of Dyverse excellent Learned Men, Expert in the Foreigne Tongues, etc.

The Byble in Englyshe, that is to saye the Content of All the...

Testamenti Veteris Biblia sacra sive libri canonici, priscae Iudaeorum ecclesiæ a Deo traditi, Latini recens ex Hebræo facti, brevbusque Scholiis illustrati ab Immanuele Tremellio & Francisco Junio.

Testamenti Veteris Biblia sacra sive libri canonici, priscae Iudaeorum...

The Holy Bible, conteyning the Old Testament, and the New: newly translated out of the originall tongues: & with the former translations diligently compared and revised by His Majesties Speciall Comandement. Appointed to be read in churches

The Holy Bible, conteyning the Old Testament, and the New: newly...

New Illustrated Devotional and Practical Polyglot Family Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments, together with the Apocrypha, Concordance, and Psalms in metre. The text conformable to the standard of the American Bible Society; translated out of the original tongues and with the former translations….Also a history of the religious denominations of the world, etc. with over 200 fine scripture illustrations.

New Illustrated Devotional and Practical Polyglot Family Bible:...

La saincte Bible en francoys : translatee selon la pure et entiere traduction de Sainct Hierome : derechief conferee et entierement reuisitee selon les plus anciens & plus correctz exemplaires : ou sus vng chascun chapitre est mis brief argument : auec ce sont deux tables, dont lune est pour les diuersitez daucunes manieres de parlers figuratifz & de diuers motz qua[n]t a leur propre signification : lautre table est pour trouuuer les Epistres & Euangiles de toute lannee : auec brief recueil des ans du monde : oultre plus linterpretation daucuns noms Hebraiques, Chaldeens, Grecz, & Latins.

La saincte Bible en francoys : translatee selon la pure et entiere...

The new Testament: in Englishe after the greeke translation annexed wyth the translation of Erasmus in Latin. Whereunto is added a kalendar, and an exhortation to the readyng of the holy scriptures made by the same Erasmus wyth the Epistles taken out of the olde testame[n]t both in Latin and Englyshe, whereu[n]to is added a table necessarry to finde the Epistles and Gospels for euery sonday & holyday throughout the yere after the vse of the churche of England nowe.

The new Testament: in Englishe after the greeke translation annexed...

The Byble: whych is all the holy Scripture, in whych are contayned the Olde and Newe Testament, truelye and purely translated into Englishe by Thomas Matthewe, 1537, and now imprinted in the year of oure Lorde 1549.

The Byble: whych is all the holy Scripture, in whych are contayned...

The Holy Bible, Conteyning the Old Testament, and the New: Newly translated out of the Original Tongues; and with the former translations diligently compared and revised by his Majesties Speciall Commandment.

The Holy Bible, Conteyning the Old Testament, and the New: Newly...

The. holie. Bible.: conteyning the Olde Testament and Newe.

The. holie. Bible.: conteyning the Olde Testament and Newe.

Biblia. The Bible, that is, the holy Scripture of the Olde and New Testament, faithfully and truly translated out of Douche and Latyn into Englishe [by Myles Coverdale.]

Biblia. The Bible, that is, the holy Scripture of the Olde and...

Den gheheelen Bibel, inhoudende het oude ende nieuwe Testament, met grooter naersticheyt overghestelt ende ghecorrigeert nae dat Lovensche Latijnsch exemplaer…

Den gheheelen Bibel, inhoudende het oude ende nieuwe Testament, met...

The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments together with the Apocrypha. Embellished with eleven maps and historical engravings.

The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments together with...

The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments

The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments

The Book of Common Prayer and Administration of the Sacraments: and other rights and ceremonies of the Church of England with the Psalter or Psalms of David.

The Book of Common Prayer and Administration of the Sacraments: and...

Biblia pad er øll Heilög Ritning, vtlögd Norraenu med formailum og atskÿringum M. Lutheri

Biblia pad er øll Heilög Ritning, vtlögd Norraenu med formailum og atskÿringum M....

The Bible. Translated according to the Ebrew and Greeke, and conferred with the best translations in diuers languages. With most profitable annotations vpon all the hard places, and other thinges of great importance, as may appeare in the epistle to the reader. Whereunto is added the Psalter of the common translation agreeing with the booke of Common prayer.

The Bible. Translated according to the Ebrew and Greeke, and...

The Book of Common Prayer, and Administration of the Sacraments

The Book of Common Prayer, and Administration of the Sacraments

The New Testament, translated from the Latin, in the year 1380, by John Wiclif; D.D to which are prefixed, memoirs of the life, opinions, and writings of Dr. Wiclif: and an historical account of the Saxon and English versions of the Scriptures, previous to the opening of the fifteenth century. By The Rev. Henry Hervey Baber, M.A.

The New Testament, translated from the Latin, in the year 1380,...

Biblia, das ist die ganze Gottliche Heilige Schrift Alten und Neuen Testaments, nach der Deutschen Uebersetzung D. Martin Luthers; mit jedes Capitels furzen summarien, auch beygefügten vielen und richtigen Parallelen: nebst einem Anhang des dritten und vierten Buchs Esra, und des dritten Buchs der Maccabaer

Biblia, das ist die ganze Gottliche Heilige Schrift Alten und...

The Famous and Memorable Works of Josephus, a Man of Much Honor and Learning Among the Jews. Faithfully Translated out of the Latin, and French, By Tho. Lodge, Doctor in Physick. Whereunto are Newly Added the References of the Scriptures Throughout the History and Afterwards Collected into a table.

The Famous and Memorable Works of Josephus, a Man of Much Honor...

The Holie Bible, Bishop’s Version

The Holie Bible, Bishop’s Version

The Holy Bible Containing the Bookes of the Old & New Testament. Part II Psalms – Macabees.

The Holy Bible Containing the Bookes of the Old & New...

An original leaf from the Bible of the Revolution, and an essay concerning it

An original leaf from the Bible of the Revolution, and an essay...

Divine Songs Attempted in Easy Language, for the Use of Children

Divine Songs Attempted in Easy Language, for the Use of Children

William Tyndale’s Five Books of Moses, Called the Pentateuch, Being a Verbatim Reprint of the Edition of 1530: compared with Tyndale’s Genesis of 1534, and the Pentateuch in the Vulgate, Luther, and Matthew’s Bible, with Various Collations and Prolegomena by the Rev. J. I. Mombert, DD.

William Tyndale’s Five Books of Moses, Called the Pentateuch, Being a...

The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments, with the apocryphal books, in the earliest English versions made from the Latin Vulgate by John Wycliffe and his followers; edited by the Rev. Josiah Forshall, F.R.S.,etc. late fellow of Exeter College and Sir Frederic Madden. Vol. III Proverbs to Maccabees.

The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments, with the...

The New Testament, translated from the Latin, in the year of 1380, by John Wiclif, D.D. to which are prefixed, memoirs of the life, opinions, and writings of Dr. Wiclif; and an historical account of the Saron and English versions of the scriptures, previous to the opening of the fifteenth century by the Rev. Henry Hervey Baber, MA.

The New Testament, translated from the Latin, in the year of...

The New Testament of Our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ newly translated out of the original Greek compared and revised by His Majesty’s Special Command. Appointed to be read in churches. Holy Bible Vol. II Isaiah to Revelation.

The New Testament of Our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ newly translated...

The New Testament of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ Translated out of the Latin Vulgat by John Wiclif, S. T. P. Prebendary of Aust in the Collegiate Church of Westbury, and Rector of Lutterworth, about 1378 to which is praefixt a History of the Several Translation of the H. Bible and N. Testament, &c. into English, both in MS and Print, and of the most remarkable Editions of them since the Invention of Printing. By John Lewis, A.M. Chaplain to the Right Honourable Thomas Lord Malton, and Minister of Mergate

The New Testament of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ Translated out...

Tēs tou huiou Theou kainēs diathēkēs apanta = Nouum Testamentum Iesu Christi filii Dei, ex versione Erasmi : innumeris in locis ad Graecum veritatem, genuinumque sensum emendata : glossa compendiaria

Tēs tou huiou Theou kainēs diathēkēs apanta = Nouum Testamentum Iesu Christi filii Dei,...

The Bible: That is The Holy Scriptures conteined in the Old and New Testament. Translated According to the Hebrew and Greeke, and conferred with the best translations in divers languages….

The Bible: That is The Holy Scriptures conteined in the Old and...

Flavii Josephi Des Hochberuempten Histori Beschreibers alle Buecher, Nemlich zwentzig van den alten Geschichten der Juden

Flavii Josephi Des Hochberuempten Histori Beschreibers alle Buecher,...

A New and Literal Translation Of All The Books Of The Old and New Testament; With Notes, Critical and Explanatory. By Anthony Purver. In Two Volumes. Vol. II: Proverbs to Revelation

A New and Literal Translation Of All The Books Of The Old and...

A New and Literal Translation of All the Books of the Old and New Testament: With Notes, Critical and Explanatory: Volume I

A New and Literal Translation of All the Books of the Old and...

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