1. Archibald McLellan, untitled address, n.d., 1, Subject File, McLellan, Archibald (d.1917) – Addresses by and Biographical Material.
  2. Erwin Canham, Commitment to Freedom: The Story of The Christian Science Monitor (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1958), 103.
  3. Archibald McLellan, “The Christian Science Monitor,” Christian Science Sentinel, 17 October 1908, 130.
  4. “Second Wave Immigration, 1880–1921,” Global Boston, n.d., https://globalboston.bc.edu/index.php/home/eras-of-migration/test-page-2/
  5. Frances J. Kemp, “Impressions of Boston: 1880–1910,” Quarterly News (Longyear Museum), Autumn 1981, 283. https://www.longyear.org/learn/research-archive/impressions-of-boston-1880-1910/
  6. Kemp, “Impressions of Boston,” 283.
  7. Russ Lopez, Boston’s South End: The Clash of Ideas in a Historic Neighborhood (Boston: Shawmut Peninsula Press, 2015), 49.
  8. Alliance for Strong Families and Communities website, “History of the Settlement House Movement,” 2020. https://www.alliance1.org/web/resources/center-engagement/history-settlement-house-movement.aspx
  9. Kemp, “Impressions of Boston,” 284.
  10. Meg Streiff, Boston’s settlement housing: social reform in an industrial city,” Doctoral dissertation, Louisiana State University, 2005, viii. https://digitalcommons.lsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1217&context=gradschool_dissertations
  11. See Lopez, Boston’s South End, 48.
  12. James J. Connolly, The Triumph of Ethnic Progressivism: Urban Political Culture in Boston, 1900–1925 (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1998), 17.
  13. “American Social Workers Take Courage,” The Christian Science Monitor, 12 March 1913, 28.
  14. “Hundred or More Regular Workers in City Social Service,” Monitor, 16 March 1912, 21.
  15. “Settlement Workers Are Busy,” Monitor, 11 October 1913, 8.
  16. “Settlement Workers Are Busy,” Monitor, 8.
  17. “Settlement Workers Are Busy,” Monitor, 8.
  18. “Picnics, Parks and Schools on Boston’s Roofs,” Monitor, 19 July 1913, 8.
  19. “Picnics, Parks and Schools on Boston’s Roofs,” Monitor, 8.
  20. George Cary White, “Social Settlements and Immigrant Neighbors, 1886–1914,” Social Service Review, March 1959, 59.
  21. “Settlement Workers Are Busy,” Monitor, 8.
  22. United South End Settlements (USES) website, accessed 1 May 2023. https://www.uses.org/about-us/mission/
  23. “Urban Neighbors Unite,” Monitor, 6 September 1912, 16.
  24. In 1886, Stanton Coit founded “the Neighborhood Guild, a settlement house in New York City, now known as University Settlement House” (see Jane Addams Papers Project, https://digital.janeaddams.ramapo.edu/items/show/24, Accessed August 21, 2023). In 1889, Jane Addams founded Hull-House in Chicago, often credited as the first settlement house in the United States (see Peter Gibbon, “Jane Addams: A Hero for Our Time—Remembering the Founder of Hull-House,” Humanities, Fall 2021, 42, no. 4, and The National Endowment for the Humanities: https://www.neh.gov/article/jane-addams-hero-our-time). As noted above, Robert A. Woods helped found Andover House, Boston’s first settlement house, in 1891, subsequently renamed South End House.
  25. “Transmission of Ideals,” Monitor, 21 March 1912, 16.
  26. “Social Service News,” Monitor, 4 November 1912, 5.
  27. Kate Clifford Larson, “The Saturday Evening Girls: A Progressive Era Library Club and the Intellectual Life of Working Class and Immigrant Girls in Turn-of-the-Century Boston,”The Library Quarterly: Information, Community, Policy, April 2001, 195.
  28. Larson, “The Saturday Evening Girls,” 198–199.