1. Mary F. McVicker, Women Opera Composers: Biographies from the 1500s to the 21st Century (Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, 2016), 71.
  2. Edward Williams Tullidge, “The History of Salt Lake City and Its Founders,” in Tullidge’s Histories, vol. II (Altenmunster, Germany: Jazzybee Verlag, 2019), 578.
  3. William D. McCrackan, “Bicknell Young C.S.B.,” n.d., 3, Subject File, Young, Bicknell.
  4. Fred Nye (libretto) and Elisa Mazzucato Young (music), Mr. Sampson of Omaha: An Original Comic Opera in Three Acts: Book of the Words, (Salt Lake City: n.p., 1889); “‘Mr. Sampson of Omaha,’” Omaha Sunday Bee, 22 August 1915, 1-B. The Bee called it “a made-in-Omaha, produced-in-Omaha, by Omaha talent comic opera.”
  5. Nye and Young, Mr. Sampson of Omaha, 29.
  6. Kenneth L. Cannon II, “Brigham Bicknell Young: Musical Christian Scientist,” Utah Historical Quarterly, Spring 1982, 130.
  7. Rupert Hughes, “Women Composers,” in Young Folks Library: Vocations (vol. IX): Music and Drama, ed. Horatio Parker (Boston: Hall & Locke, 1911), 200-201.
  8. Biographical sketch of Mr. and Mrs. Bicknell Young, undated, Subject File, Young, Bicknell.
  9. “National School and College of Music, Fourth Recital,” c. March 1891, Subject File, Kimball, Edna (Wait).
  10. “Dedication of the Chicago Church,” The Christian Science Journal, December 1897, 525. The article also notes that these words from Revelation 12:10 were “carved on a twenty-foot tablet above the portal [outer doors]” (524).
  11. Elisa M. Young, “Now Is Come Salvation and Strength,” (Chicago: Clayton F. Summy, 1898), SM0078.
  12. Elisa M. Young, untitled article, Christian Science Sentinel, 11 December 1902, 230.
  13. Their son Hilgard B. Young later contributed two articles to the Christian Science periodicals: “Duty,” the lead article in the Christian Science Sentinel, 16 February 1946, 265–266; and “The Significance of Christian Science to the World,” The Christian Science Journal, November 1952, 590–592. The theme of “Duty” may have been especially poignant for Hilgard Young; his nephew, Lieutenant Junior Grade Lawrence Hilgard Young, USNR, was killed in action in 1942 during World War II; Ancestry.com,https://www.ancestry.com/discoveryui-content/view/23651974:60525?ssrc=pt&tid=85092053&pid=36566458675 accessed 3/24/2022
  14. First Church of Christ, Scientist, Salt Lake City, Utah. Board of Directors meeting minutes, page 21, quoted in Jeffrey O. Johnson, “The Kimballs and the Youngs in Utah’s Early Christian Science Movement,” unpublished paper, n.d., Subject File, Johnson, Jeffrey O., 1, 4.
  15. She joined The Mother Church in 1897.
  16. Kenneth L. Cannon II, “Brigham Bicknell Young,” 125–126.
  17. Lee Z. Johnson to Executive Board, Second Church of Christ, Scientist, Salt Lake City, 12 September 1968. Another student of Mary Baker Eddy, Lydia (Chase) Glanville, was listed as a practitioner in Salt Lake City from 1895 to 1901.