1. Catherine R. Hammond, Island of Peace in an Ocean of Unrest: The Letters of Dorothy von Moltke (N.P.: Nebadoon Press, 2013), 5.
  2. Dorothy von Moltke’s husband, Helmuth von Moltke (1876–1939), had paternal ancestors with the same name—which could be a source of confusion. Dorothy’s husband was the grandnephew of Helmuth Karl Bernhard von Moltke (1800–1891), also known as “Helmuth von Moltke the Elder.” A field marshal, he helped lead Germany to victory in the Franco-Prussian War. The next in line was his nephew, Helmuth Johannes Ludwig von Moltke (1848–1916), nicknamed “Helmuth Johannes Ludwig von Moltke the Younger.” He also served in the German military as Chief of the German General Staff. While these men are usually referred to as “Elder” and “Younger,” Dorothy’s husband was only referred to as “Helmuth” or “Count Helmuth.” Following the tradition, Dorothy and Helmuth named their firstborn son Helmuth James von Moltke (1907–1945). The Nazis executed him in 1945, for his participation in the Kreisau Circle, a German resistance group, after he tried to warn another resistance group, the Solf Circle, about infiltration. Despite having never officially adopted the Christian Science faith, Helmuth James had absorbed his childhood lessons in prayer and spirituality. This came to the surface during his time in prison and solidified his identity as a Christian. See Catherine R. Hammond, Island of Peace in an Ocean of Unrest: The Letters of Dorothy von Moltke (N.P.: Nebadoon Press, 2013), 282, 318–319 and Anton Gill, An Honorable Defeat (New York: H. Holt, 1994),160–162.
  3. “Dorothy Rose Innes,” The Olive Schreiner Letters Online https://www.oliveschreiner.org/vre?view=personae&entry=49
  4. On January 23, 1945, Helmuth James von Moltke was executed by the Nazis for his involvement in the German Resistance.
  5. Hammond, Island of Peace, 283.
  6. Michael Balfour and Julian Frisby, Helmuth von Moltke: A Leader Against Hitler Balfour (London: Macmillan, 1972),15.
  7. Olive Schreiner to William Philip (‘Will’) Schreiner, 24 July 1914, UCT Manuscripts & Archives, Olive Schreiner Letters Project transcription.
  8. Catherine R. Hammond and Dorothy von Moltke, Island of Peace in an Ocean of Unrest, 39.
  9. Michael Balfour and Julian Frisby, Helmuth von Moltke: A Leader Against Hitler (London: Macmillan, 1972), 16.
  10. Hammond, Island of Peace, 50.
  11. Hammond, Island of Peace, 242.
  12. While Dorothy and Helmuth von Moltke no doubt saw themselves as Christian Scientists, it seems likely that before the First World War it would have been extremely difficult—perhaps impossible—for them to withdraw from the Lutheran church and remain members of the German nobility. At that time this was the state church, and the count’s responsibilities may even have included serving as “sponsor” for the Lutheran church in Silesia. The couple raised their children as Lutherans. The von Moltkes did not join The Mother Church until following the war, after the monarchy (and state churches) had come to an end in Germany and the Weimar Republic was established. Long before the rise of Nazism in Germany, Christian Scientists faced restriction.
  13. Hammond, Island of Peace, 243.
  14. Hammond, Island of Peace, 28.
  15. Countess Dorothy von Moltke, “Our Garden,” Christian Science Sentinel, 5 April 1913, 604.
  16. Calvin Frye to Bertha Günther-Peterson, 24 May 1897, V01525.
  17. Mary Baker Eddy to Julia Field-King, 8 June 1896, F00125.
  18. Helmuth von Moltke to Eddy, 24 May 1907, IC084.18.002.
  19. Eddy to Fanny von Moltke, 1904, L09568.
  20. Mary Baker Eddy to Helmuth von Moltke, 11 June 1907, L14083.
  21. Eddy to Allison V. Stewart, 31 March 1910, L03271; Stewart was Eddy’s publisher.
  22. See Hammond, Island of Peace, 271–278.
  23. Hammond, Island of Peace, 271.
  24. Eddy had asked Dickey, who served as her secretary from 1908–1910 and was now a member of the Christian Science Board of Directors, to supervise the project and ensure the metaphysical correctness of the translation.
  25. Hammond, Island of Peace, 276–277.
  26. “Science and Health Translated,” Sentinel, 30 March 1912, 611.
  27. Hammond, Island of Peace, 279–280.
  28. Hammond, Island of Peace, 216.
  29. Currently Science and Health is available in a total of 17 languages, including Braille.